The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) was established on 2 December 2005 following recommendations made by the 2004 Philip Flood Report of the Inquiry into Australian Intelligence Agencies. The PJCIS performs an oversight function to ASIO, the Australian Security Intelligence Service (ASIS), the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD), the Australian Geospatial–Imagery Organisation (AGO), the Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO) and the Office of National Assessments (ONA). The Committee is appointed under section 28 of the Intelligence Services Act 2001 (IS Act). Section 29 of the IS Act states that the functions of the Committee are:
- to review the administration and expenditure of ASIO, ASIS, AIGO, DIO, ASD and ONA including their annual financial statements;
- to review any matter in relation to ASIO, ASIS, AIGO, DIO, ASD and ONA referred to the Committee by the responsible minister or a resolution of either House of Parliament;
- to review, as soon as possible after the third anniversary of the day on which the Security Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2002 received the Royal Assent, the operation, effectives and implications of amendments made by that Act and the following Acts – The Border Security Legislation Amendment Act 2002, The Criminal Code Amendment (Suppression of Terrorist Bombings) Act 2002 and The Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism Act 2002;
- to review, by 22 January 2016, the operation, effectiveness and implications of Division 3 of Part III (Special powers relating to terrorism offences) of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979; and
- to report the Committee’s comments and recommendations to each House of the Parliament and to the responsible minister.